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André-Georges Haudricourt: De l’origine des tons en vietnamien

The origin of tones in Vietnamese

Original article published in Journal Asiatique 242: 69-82 (1954)

Chủ Nhật 2, Tháng Tám 2020

The present article shows that tones developed in Vietnamese from a non-tonal proto-language, as they also did in Chinese, Tai, and Miao-Yao (Hmong-Mien). Correspondences between initial voicing and tone register are illustrated by data from Vietnamese, Chinese and Tai, while the relationship between laryngeal codas and tone contours is established through a comparison of Vietnamese with other Mon-Khmer languages. This brings out the main mechanisms involved in East Asian tonogenesis.

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This paper revisits Maspero’s (1912) insights about the Vietnamese tone system and its link with consonant types. H. Maspero noted structural similarities between the tone systems of Vietnamese and Tai; he projected these tone systems into the indefinite past, and concluded (against Przyluski) that Vietnamese belonged to the same language family as Siamese.

Xem online : Về bài ’’Nguồn gốc các thanh điệu trong tiếng Việt" của A. Haudricourt

A-G. Haudricourt